Periodontal Therapy in Yankton, SD

Effective Periodontal Procedures for Treating Gum Disease

Maintaining optimal oral health is crucial for a confident smile and overall well-being. However, gum disease can pose a significant threat to the health of your gums and teeth if left untreated. This bacterial infection inflames the soft tissue surrounding the teeth and, as it progresses, can lead to severe complications such as tooth mobility and loss.

At Yankton Dental Clinic, Dr. William Reardon is one of the best dentists in Yankton, SD, for your gum health concerns. Learn more about our periodontal treatments and which best meets your needs.

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Understanding Gum Disease and Its Consequences

Gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease or periodontitis, is a bacterial infection that triggers inflammation in the soft tissue surrounding the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to severe complications. Over time, gum disease causes the erosion of the bone supporting the teeth, resulting in tooth mobility and eventual loss.

Symptoms and Effects of Gum Disease

Gum disease can manifest in various ways depending on its stage of progression. Some common symptoms include:

  • Redness and swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Receding gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Formation of periodontal pockets
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Dental gaps

When preventive measures are no longer effective, especially in the later stages where damage becomes permanent, nonsurgical and surgical treatments become essential for mitigating the effects of gum disease.

young woman getting her teeth checked at the dentist

Nonsurgical Treatments for Gum Disease

Oral or topical antibiotics may be prescribed to combat the infection. Take antibiotics as prescribed by your dentist for the best results.

Surgical Treatments for Advanced Gum Disease

Flap Surgery

During flap surgery, a periodontist creates an incision along the gum line, temporarily shifting the gum tissues to provide better access for thorough cleaning. If bone loss has occurred, the periodontist may reshape the bone ridge to facilitate daily oral hygiene routines.

Dental Bone Grafts

When significant bone loss has transpired, bone-grafting materials stimulate new bone growth in areas with insufficient bone tissue. These grafts act as scaffolds, encouraging natural regeneration.

Gum Grafts

Gum recession caused by gum disease can be rectified through gum grafts. Tissue is obtained either from the roof of the mouth or a tissue bank and is surgically sutured into the areas lacking gum tissue, restoring a healthy gumline.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

During guided tissue regeneration, a biocompatible membrane is placed between the existing bone and tooth, preventing unwanted tissue growth and facilitating bone regeneration.

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

PRP therapy involves concentrated platelets from the patient’s blood to stimulate bone and gum tissue regeneration. The plasma, separated from red and white blood cells, is placed in areas with tissue or bone loss to encourage growth.

Frequently Asked Questions